Determinants of STI transmission

Exposure of susceptibles to infected individuals can be influenced through counseling of patients to reduce early sexual debut and concurrent sexual partners, and to promote the performance of safer sexual activities, including:

·         Nonpenetrative sexual acts,

·         Consistent and correct use of condom, and

·         STI and HIV testing followed by commitment to monogamy.

Efficiency of transmission during exposure between susceptible and infectious partners can be influenced by a number of primary care physician interventions. Advising patients to use “safer sex” practices such as condom and avoidance of unprotected vaginal or anal intercourse can substantially reduce the transmission of some STI pathogens. The application of epidemiologic treatment to patients who have had a known exposure to a STI can reduce transmission presumably by treating patients either before symptoms develop or during the incubation period of the infection. Other forms of post- exposure prophylaxis have been also been used to prevent HIV infection following needle - stick, or sexual assault exposure. Finally, physicians can reduce the infectivity of some infected individuals by the use of suppressive antimicrobial therapy.

  • Chronic Lifestyle Changes
  • Immunodeficiency
  • STI Viral Pathoges
  • Incubation period of the infection
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis
  • Suppressive antimicrobial therapy
  • Efficiency Of Transmission
  • Haematological Diagnosis

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