Determinants of STI transmission

Exposure of susceptible to infected individuals can be influenced through counselling of patients to reduce early sexual debut and concurrent sexual partners, and to promote the performance of safer sexual activities, including:
·         Non-penetrative sexual acts
·         Consistent and correct use of condom
·         STI & HIV Testing followed by commitment to monogamy.
The efficiency of transmission during exposure between the susceptible and infectious partners can be influenced by number of primary care physician interventions. Counselling and advising patients to use “safer sex” practices such as condom and avoidance of the unprotected vaginal or anal intercourse which can be substantially reduce the transmission of STI pathogens. The applications of epidemiologic treatment to patients who had a known exposure to a STI can reduce transmission presumably by treating patients either before symptoms develop or during the incubation period of the infection. Other forms of post-exposure prophylaxis have been used to prevent HIV infection following needle - stick, or sexual assault exposure. Finally the physicians can reduce the infectivity of some of the infected individuals by the use of suppressive antimicrobial therapy.
HIV Stigma and Discrimination | Inequality | Racial/ethnic Discrimination | Unemployment | Sex ratio | Volume of migration | Health care coverage | Poverty

  • Chronic Lifestyle Changes
  • Immunodeficiency
  • STI Viral Pathogens
  • Incubation period of the infection
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis
  • Suppressive antimicrobial therapy
  • Efficiency Of Transmission
  • Haematological Diagnosis

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